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Bone Sharp Faunal

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UM 471

Eighteenth/ Nineteenth Century
Hingham, MA

A total of 44 fragments of calcined and unburned mammal bone were recovered from the UM 471 Greenbush Linclon Well/ Foundation Site Phase III investigations. The majority of the assemblage (n= 32) were identifiable only to the level of medium mammal flatbone (n=11) and longbone (n=21). The only identifiable species was cattle, represented by fragments from a radius, metacarpal and cervical vertebra. These fragments were recovered from Feature 16. One medium-sized mammal flatbone fragment was recovered from Feature 17.

Taken as a whole the assemblage shows a preference for the use of medium-sized mammals with ribs and lumbar vertebra represented in the medium mammal flatbone category. Flatbones were more common than longbones. This does not seem evident in Table 1, but when the catalog is examined it can be seen that the 20 medium-sized mammal longbone fragments in Feature 16 all came from one bone that could be easily put back together, thus reducing the count to one fragment. The predominance of flatbone fragments may indicate that the persons responsible for the creation of the faunal assemblage at the site were using more flatbone elements (skull, mandible, vertebra, ribs, scapula, pelvis) than longbones (humerus, ulna, radius, phalanges, femur, tibia, fibula, metapodials), or that flatbone elements were just thrown into the fire more often.

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